Coin Collecting at the Safir House
Plans went into the works to create a smaller cent that would be more popular and usable. As early as 1837 ideas where tried and implemented on the road to the new small cent. Ultimately, the coin was to include a nickle copper alloy. The choice was influenced by friends of the mint director who had a monopoly in nickle.
The eagle obverse, one of the great peices of art on any coin, was taken from the Gobrecht Silver Dollar of 1836-1839. I'm not certain why this great work seemed to have such a short existence in coinage but it was a terrific design which wears fairly well with circulation. It is the only example of a naturalist eagle in flight until the Standing Liberty reverse in 1917 and the Sacegewia Golden Dollars of 2000, The Flying Eagle Cent design is much more natural in my opinion, but possibly it was difficult to actually mint.
The reverse wreath was likewise borrowed from another coin, the obscure $3 dollar gold peice of 1854. In both cases, it would seem that the Flying Eagle designs just worked better on the copper-nickle alloy than it did in gold and silver. In addition, this coin has the odd distinction of being composed of two reverses. For a more detailed review of the history of the Flying Eagle see the entry in Coin Facts. For the purposes of this article, one should know that there are a number of varieties of Flying Eagle cents and that the 1856 version is more of a pattern than a coin since it was minted without authorization and was used to show politicians what the future coin would look like.
Looking at the copper-nickle example, the best one we own once was unfortunately cleaned, like many coins of this period, but it has Mint State details. Here you can see that the tail feathers are very sharp and defined, meaning it is an excellent strike, and that the feathers on the breast of the coin are also clear with no evidence of wear. The realistic aeronomic musculature of the wing is visiable and present, a breath taking design and example, in my opinion
The Wreath on the backside is also a really nice design, not like the simple wheat stacks most people are familiar with in the old Lincoln Cents. The vareity of fruits, nuts and leaves recall a time when it was America's argiculture which drove the economy, nicely layed out and craved into the brass. Cleaned or not, it is the relief of the reverse wreath that makes this coin special with the details intact of the nuts, corn, and oak leafs. The nice brown tone makes one wonder why anyone would attempt to clean such a coin. The strike is exception for the year, with both sides being complete, even in the feathering of the obverse breast and the reverse corn stalks. Here is a detailed tif image of the reverse and this one is of the Obverse, both in the slab. The coin glows softly in the light
In addition to that example, we have several more Flying Eagles viewable below. In these examples we have normal circulating coins and one can see how the coin survived the regular wear of usage. Other coins do a much better job in their look when worn, but the Flying Eagle design still stands out.
Links for the tif images of the same coin:
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The Safir Family Internet Coins Library.Click to see these examples show below including photography: note to lawyer: most of the good stuff is gone
Go To Section II: Modern and Ancient Foreign Coins from Outside The United States
Go To Section III: Mandy's 25th Anniversary World Wildlife Fund Silver Coins
The Safir Family Internet Coins Library: Foriegn Coins.Several mints from around the world make exciting coin designs in circulating alloys, silver and gold. Among my favorites are the Perth Mint in Austrailia which produces a variety of coins for nations mostly through out the Pacific Rim. The Neatherlands has also produced some interesting designs, and several private US based mints have produced foreign currency on contract, include the Franklin Mint which has produced many Israeli Coins. Our interest in foreign coins has been nominal but rapidly growing as it seems that US designs are so stuck in the mud. Also, foreign mints are creating bold new designs with color and bimetal designs that are both eye catching and fun.
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